- The inner linings of the airways become more inflamed (swollen), leaving even less room in the airways for the air to move through.
- The muscles surrounding the airways get bigger and tighten. This squeezes the airways and makes them smaller. (This is called bronchospasm.)
- Glands in the airways produce thick mucus, which further blocks the airways
You can control your asthma with your provider’s help in developing an ‘asthma action plan’. This is a treatment plan that includes the following:
- How to identify allergens or irritants to avoid
- How to know if you are having an asthma attack and what to do
- Which medicines to take and when to take them
- When to call your doctor or go to the emergency room
- Who to contact in an emergency
Although there is no cure for asthma, asthma can be controlled when patients and providers work together in managing medicines and environmental triggers.